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2nd Ramadhaan, 1438 AH
Sunday, May 28, 2017
Home > News > Main Points From 3rd Al-Mulakhas Al-Fiqh Class

Main Points From 3rd Al-Mulakhas Al-Fiqh Class

 

Main Points From Al-Mulakhas Al-Fiqh Class

 

Date:- 28/12/13

Lesson no:- 3

 

Chapter 5:  Siwaak (Tooth-stick) and acts of natural disposition


'Aishah (may Allah be pleased with her) narrated from the prophet (peace be upon him): " Siwaak (tooth-stick) is a way of purifying the mouth and satisfying the Lord." [Related by Ahmed and other compilers of Hadeeth]

 Abu Hurayrah  (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated from the prophet (peace be upon him) that he said: "Five (practices) are from the natural disposition (fitrah): circumcision, shaving pubic hair, trimming the moustache short, removing armpit hair and clipping the nails" [Reported in Bukhaari and Muslim]

From these hadeeths and those similar to them the Scholars have taken several benefits:

  1. It is legislated to use miswak or toothbrush
  2.  Using the siwaak was from the way of the previous messengers.  The first to do so  was Ibraaheem ('alayhi assalaam)
  3. It is sunnah to brush your teeth all the time, even when fasting.
  4. Using the Siwaak is a stressed act of Sunnah (Prophetic tradition).

 

But there are specific times when it is stressed. These times are as follows:

  1. When performing ablution
  2. Before Salaah
  3. When we awake from sleep, whether during the day or night.
  4. Whenever the smell of the mouth changes due to eating or the like.
  5. Before we start reading the Quran.
  6. Upon entering once house. Especially if you are married, as the Prophet (peace be upon him) always used to start with brushing his teeth as he entered his home.

 

Among the merits presented by Islaam, the True Religion are the acts of natural disposition mentioned in the aforesaid hadeeth. They are called the acts of natural disposition as they are observed by those who innate, natural acts of purity upon which Allaah has created all of His servants, urged them to observe them and desired such acts to be observed by them. Allaah, The Most High, desires such acts of natural disposition to be observed by His servants, so that they attain the most perfect, honourable, dignified qualities and combine the best appearance with the best manners. These acts are:

1- 'Istihdad': Istihdad means to shave the pubic hair. This act, In Arabic, is called 'istihdad' because it is derived from the word 'hadid' i.e. the razor used for shaving hair. Removing such hair is a way of beautification as well as purification. Also, one is free to either remove it by shaving or something else.

2- Circumcision: It is the removal of the loose foreskin covering the male's organ. It is preferable to be done during childhood, as the wound would heal faster and in order for the child to grow in the healthiest way. Amongst the numerous virtues of circumcision is to purify the organ from the impurities caused by the foreskin.

3- Cutting the moustache short: Cutting the moustache short is a way of beautification, purification and avoidance of imitating the Polytheist.

4- Clipping the nails: Clipping the nails is among the qualities of natural disposition, as it is a way of beautification, a means of removing dirt beneath the finger nails, and avoiding being just like beasts.

5- Removing the hair of the armpits: This is also amongst the act of natural disposition. It can be done through plucking, shaving, etc. as a way of purification and getting rid of the increasing bad odour associated with the presence of such hair.

 

Chapter 6:  Ablution


Allaah, the Most High says: 'O you who believed, when you rise to (perform) prayer, wash your faces and your forearms to the elbows and wipe over your heads and wash your feet to the ankles..." [Surah  Al-Maaidah. Verse 6]

This verse states that performing ablution whenever rising to prayer is obligatory, and tells us which organs are washed and which ones should be wiped during ablution, and specifies what parts should be washed or wiped. Then the Prophet (peace be upon him), through his sayings (hadeeth) and practices, has clearly shown how ablution is to be performed.

                                                                    The Conditions of Ablution

There are 8 condition of ablution:

1- Being a Muslim

2- Being mentally sound

3- Having discretion

4- Having the intention of performing ablution

5-Using pure water: Water that is used to perform ablution must be pure, so impure water is inadequate to use for ablution.

6- Using legally-obtained water: If the water used for ablution is unlawfully required or taken by force, ablution is not valid.

7- Being preceded by 'Istinjaa' or 'Istijmaar' (when necessary as previously mentioned)

8- Removing what may prevent water from reaching the ablution organs: That is the one performing ablution must remove anything covering the ablution organs such as; mud, wax, dough, accumulated dirt, thick paint, nail polish etc.., in order to allow water to reach the skin of the organ directly without hindrance.

                                                                                   The Obligatory Acts of Ablution

There are 6 obligatory acts, related to the organs of ablution:

1- Washing the whole face: Washing the whole face involves rising the mouth and nose with water. Accordingly, one's ablution is void if one washes one's face without rising both the mouth and the nose.

2- Washing the forearms including the elbows.

3- Wiping over the whole head:  Wiping over the head includes the ears. The prophet (peace be upon him) said: 'The ears are treated as part of the head' [Related by Ibn Maajah, Ad-Daraqutni, and other compilers of Hadeeth]

4-Washing the feet including the ankles: During ablution the feet must be washed including the ankles.

5- Sequence: The decreed sequence has to be observed whilst performing ablution. To clarify, one begins with washing the face. Followed by the hands, then wipes over the head, and finally washes the feet as clearly shown in the aforementioned verse.

 

The Prophet (peace be upon him) used to follow that order when performing ablution, saying:

"This is an ablution without which Allaah does not accept any prayer"

[This is related by Abu Daawood and other compilers of Hadeeth]

6- Succession:  This means to wash the organs successively without any interval between washing to organs, i.e. the organs must be washed successively without any pause, as much as possible.

 


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